Introducti on

Philosophical thoughts of Indian Music is not an ordinary art or commercial art, but a divine knowledge, celestial art, akin to BrahmaVidya. So to its sublimity means to "SALVATION". It is not only study but fullest expression of Beatitude, Ananda, Amrita and divine bless. It the present era, Dhrupad is the oldest, ancient heritage culture of indian music existing in its purest, highest, sacred form and spiritual attainment out various genre of indian music. Dhrupad is considered as a most prestigious and fountain head of other classical and sub-classical style, i.e. Khyal, Thumri, Ghazal etc. Dhrupad is originated from SAM GAAN of Sam Veda. Acrossing with time gradient changes from vedic rhythms, chants, dhruva and prabandha at the end of 13th century initiated as a Dhruva-Pada or Dhrupad. In the beginning of 13th century treatise sangit ratnakar of Sarangadeva, the Dhruva-Prabandha are related forms evidently underly the South Indian Kirtana and Kriti and the North Indian classical Dhrupad and related temple music haweli sangit forms, so the Dhrupad is repetition of distinguished Dhruva-Prabandha type genre from an oldest structure. In 15th century Raja Mansingh Tomar of Gwalior state, expended and established Dhrupad as a Vocal form using vernacular text (Braja Bhasa) in place of sanskrit text and with continual flourish reached to the court of emperor Akbar in the 16th century. Akbar's most dignified court musician Miyan Tansen and other contemporary musician Swami Hari Das of Vrindaban and other's also composed the new version of poetries in Braja Bhasa and expended in northern region of India. There after Dhrupad is classified in four sub style of school of Banies (i) Gauhar (ii) Nauhar (iii) Kandhar (iv) Dagar Bant. Only the last two banies are prominently performed today. Dagar Bani is having the Melodic, smoothness of line, intonation perfectness and covering all the four of Geeties (style) whereas Kandhar Bani covers Sudha Geeti with more robust and rhythmical in emphasis. So called other classical and semi-classical genre as khyal, thumri-dadra are only 150 to 200 years old secular character of music having lack of discipline, purity and spirituality. Although it seems to appeal common mass in general for entertainment and whereas Dhrupad appealing to spiritual person, devotees, scholars and responsible individuals. Dhrupad in practice, it develops proper voice production, correct pronunciation of words, concentration of mind and true knowledge of Raag (Melody-Meter). Application of judicious ornamentationwith rhythmical variation and aesthetic sense, develop along with the feeling of deep spirituality, devotion repose and dignity, it helps in systematic development of melodic beauty, Dhrupad singing in practice or performance based on Raag (Melody-Meter), begins firstly with ALAP remains ATAL (without fixed meter). Whereas slowly-slowly developing pace it enters into definite rhythmic pattern and also uses various gamaka for ornamentation. Alap is really a kind of prose rendering of the Raag, it evokes each time the specific thoughts, not the emotional thoughts of Raag. Secondly poetry composition is sung in fixed metered rhythm, Layakari with the accompaniment of drum Mridanga or Pakhavaj. Pakhavaj is the most suitable drum instrument played and accompaniment carries with Dhrupad-vocal, having the quality of powerful l resonating sound, clear meter notes reproduction of Bola and Tal. The typical Tals only are played in the Pakhavaj that is Chautal, Sultal, Tibra and Dhamar. This Tals are not played or easy to play in the other drum instrument as presently use in accompaniment that is Tabla.

VEENA is regarded as the multisymbolic ancient product of Indian Culture and one of the richest among all musical instruments. It has evolved to the highest degree of musical and technical excellence, which in turn, has played a significant role in the evolution of not only Indian music but also in generating its culture in continuing occurrence through out all levels of society in India. Veena is a sacral musical instrument i.e. “Symbolic expression of people’s behaviour”. Veena is the richest musical instrument, versatile symbol of life and culture of India. Veena is the possessor and bestowal of beauty, auspiciousness, nobility, virtue, excellence, fortune, prosperity, happiness and well being. This sacral symbol ramifies into many spiritual and aesthetics disciplines. It could hence also be considered as a symbol of beauty both externally and eternally. Owning all these features, Veena is crowned as symbol of traditional culture of India. It is said in the ancient literatures that even sight or touch of Veena is enough to cofer Yoga (Dharma, Artha and Kama) and in succession towards Moksha (Salvation). The Veena throughout from past to present, is the supreme Solo instrument for Vedic hymns and Sama Gaan recitation. Apart from this, it has also been featured as an accompanying device with Vocal performance, Nepathya Gaan ( Back ground music) for Naatak (Drama) and applied music. In the stages of evolution, various forms of Veena can be observed one of those is open string Veena i.e. Veena with Dand (Beam) and Tumba with facility to produce all the Swaras (notes) on the same string. Another form of such is addition of frets which provides facility for deflecting the strings for “Gamaka” and obtaining higher swaras on the frets of lower swaras. This modification does the complete justice to the “Gamaka” character of the Indian music.

I am Pallab Das "Dhrupad(Singing Of Naad Bramh) performer, I would like to represent my thoughts about Dhrupad in front of you which is completely based on knowledge which I got from my "GURU" (Master) "Param Pujjaniya (Most Respectful) Ustad Rahim Phahimuddin Khan Dagar Sahab". As per research and Knowledge of my GURU in Dhrupad (Singing of Naad Bramh)- "Dhrupad is a pure Indian Classical Music. It is Mother of all music because this form of music gives knowledge "how to generate the sound, different vibration and how to throw that sound" that's why

any one can understand the "Naad Bramh" by "Naad Yog" and get the spiritual happiness by continuous practice under "Guru Shishya Parampara". it is a subject of research and feelings. It is spiritual form of music which is still in its purest form, once any one understand the Naad Yoga (Generate and Throw the Sounds) different vibration of signals, he or she can understand their soul means spiritual energy which helps them to control their thoughts as well as feelings and increase the concentration power which helps to get knowledge, success and happiness in different fields.

That's why everybody should learn and practice Dhrupad(Singing Of Naad Bramh) means Naad Yog under "Guru Shishya Parampara" because its teaches us
"How to Live The Life".

By Pt. Pallab Das (Dhrupad Sadhak)